Releases¶

v3.7.3¶

Files

Release date: 2019-11-17 SHA-256: 3b5d2b8f8282b80557091514d8ab97e27f9574336c804ee666fda673a9b59926 (json.hpp), 87b5884741427220d3a33df1363ae0e8b898099fbc59f1c451113f6732891014 (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release fixes a bug introduced in release 3.7.2 which could yield quadratic complexity in destructor calls. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Removed reserve() calls from the destructor which could lead to quadratic complexity. #1837 #1838

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.7.2¶

Files

Release date: 2019-11-10 SHA-256: 0a65fcbbe1b334d3f45c9498e5ee28c3f3b2428aea98557da4a3ff12f0f14ad6 (json.hpp), 67f69c9a93b7fa0612dc1b6273119d2c560317333581845f358aaa68bff8f087 (include.zip)

Summary¶

Project bad_json_parsers tested how JSON parser libraries react on deeply nested inputs. It turns out that this library segfaulted at a certain nesting depth. This bug was fixed with this release. Now the parsing is only bounded by the available memory. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed a bug that lead to stack overflow for deeply nested JSON values (objects, array) by changing the implementation of the destructor from a recursive to an iterative approach. #832, #1419, #1835

Further Changes¶

• Added WhiteStone Bolt. #1830

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.7.1¶

Files

Release date: 2019-11-06 SHA-256: b5ba7228f3c22a882d379e93d08eab4349458ee16fbf45291347994eac7dc7ce (json.hpp), 77b9f54b34e7989e6f402afb516f7ff2830df551c3a36973085e2c7a6b1045fe (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release fixes several small bugs in the library. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed a segmentation fault when serializing std::int64_t minimum value. #1708 #1722
• Fixed the contains() function for JSON Pointers. #1727 #1741
• Fixed too lax SFINAE guard for conversion from std::pair and std::tuple to json. #1805 #1806 #1825 #1826
• Fixed some regressions detected by UBSAN. Updated CI to use Clang-Tidy 7.1.0. #1716 #1728
• Fixed integer truncation in iteration_proxy. #1797
• Updated Hedley to v11 to fix a E2512 error in MSVC. #1799
• Fixed a compile error in enum deserialization of non non-default-constructible types. #1647 #1821
• Fixed the conversion from json to std::valarray.

Improvements¶

• The items() function can now be used with a custom string type. #1765
• Made json_pointer::back const. #1764 #1769
• Meson is part of the release archive. #1672 #1694
• Improved documentation on the Meson and Spack package manager. #1694 #1720

Further Changes¶

• Added GitHub Workflow with ubuntu-latest/GCC 7.4.0 as CI step.
• Added GCC 9 to Travis CI to compile with C++20 support. #1724
• Added MSVC 2019 to the AppVeyor CI. #1780
• Fixed some cppcheck warnings. #1760
• Fixed several typos in the documentation. #1720 #1767 #1803
• Added documentation on the JSON_THROW_USER, JSON_TRY_USER, and JSON_CATCH_USER macros to control user-defined exception handling.
• Used GitHub's CODEOWNERS and SECURITY feature.
• Removed GLOB from CMake files. #1779
• Updated to Doctest 2.3.5.

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.7.0¶

Files

Release date: 2019-07-28 SHA-256: a503214947952b69f0062f572cb74c17582a495767446347ce2e452963fc2ca4 (json.hpp), 541c34438fd54182e9cdc68dd20c898d766713ad6d901fb2c6e28ff1f1e7c10d (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release introduces a few convenience functions and performs a lot of house keeping (bug fixes and small improvements). All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fix an issue where typedefs with certain names yielded a compilation error. #1642 #1643
• Fix a conversion to std::string_view in the unit tests. #1634 #1639
• Fix MSVC Debug build. #1536 #1570 #1608
• Fix get_to method to clear existing content before writing. #1511 #1555
• Fix a -Wc++17-extensions warning. nodiscard attributes are now only used with Clang when -std=c++17 is used. #1535 #1551

Further Changes¶

• Use GNUInstallDirs to set library install directories. #1673
• Fix links in the README. #1620 #1621 #1622 #1623 #1625
• Mention json type on the documentation start page. #1616
• Complete documentation of value() function with respect to type_error.302 exception. #1601
• Fix links in the documentation. #1598
• Add regression tests for MSVC. #1543 #1570
• Use CircleCI for continuous integration.
• Use Doozer for continuous integration on Linux (CentOS, Raspbian, Fedora)
• Add tests to check each CMake flag (JSON_BuildTests, JSON_Install, JSON_MultipleHeaders, JSON_Sanitizer, JSON_Valgrind, JSON_NoExceptions, JSON_Coverage).
• Use Hedley to avoid re-inventing several compiler-agnostic feature macros like JSON_DEPRECATED, JSON_NODISCARD, JSON_LIKELY, JSON_UNLIKELY, JSON_HAS_CPP_14, or JSON_HAS_CPP_17. Functions taking or returning pointers are annotated accordingly when a pointer will not be null.
• Build and run tests on AppVeyor in DEBUG and RELEASE mode.

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.6.1¶

Files

Release date: 2019-03-20 SHA-256: d2eeb25d2e95bffeb08ebb7704cdffd2e8fca7113eba9a0b38d60a5c391ea09a (json.hpp), 69cc88207ce91347ea530b227ff0776db82dcb8de6704e1a3d74f4841bc651cf (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release fixes a regression and a bug introduced by the earlier 3.6.0 release. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed regression of #590 which could lead to compilation errors with GCC 7 and GCC 8. #1530
• Fixed a compilation error when <Windows.h> was included. #1531

Further Changes¶

• Fixed a warning for missing field initializers. #1527

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.6.0¶

Files

Release date: 2019-03-20 SHA-256: ce9839370f28094c71107c405affb3b08c4a098154988014cbb0800b1c44a831 (json.hpp), 237c5e66e7f8186a02804ce9dbd5f69ce89fe7424ef84adf6142e973bd9532f4 (include.zip)

ℹ️ This release introduced a regression. Please update to version 3.6.1!

Summary¶

This release adds some convenience functions for JSON Pointers, introduces a contains function to check if a key is present in an object, and improves the performance of integer serialization. Furthermore, a lot of small bug fixes and improvements have been made. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed a compilation issues with libc 2.12. #1483 #1514
• Fixed endian conversion on PPC64. #1489
• Fixed library to compile with GCC 9. #1472 #1492
• Fixed a compilation issue with GCC 7 on CentOS. #1496
• Fixed an integer overflow. #1447
• Fixed buffer flushing in serializer. #1445 #1446

Improvements¶

• The performance of dumping integers has been greatly improved. #1411
• Added CMake parameter JSON_Install to control whether the library should be installed (default: on). #1330
• Fixed a lot of compiler and linter warnings. #1400 #1435 #1502
• Reduced required CMake version from 3.8 to 3.1. #1409 #1428 #1441 #1498
• Added nodiscard attribute to meta(), array(), object(), from_cbor, from_msgpack, from_ubjson, from_bson, and parse. #1433

Further Changes¶

• Fixed typos and broken links in README. #1417 #1423 #1425 #1451 #1455 #1491
• Fixed documentation of parse function. #1473
• Suppressed warning that cannot be fixed inside the library. #1401 #1468
• Imroved package manager suppert:
• Updated Buckaroo instructions. #1495
• Improved Meson support. #1463
• Added Conda package manager documentation. #1430
• Added NuGet package manager documentation. #1132
• Continuous Integration
• Removed unstable or deprecated Travis builders (Xcode 6.4 - 8.2) and added Xcode 10.1 builder.
• Added Clang 7 to Travis CI.
• Fixed AppVeyor x64 builds. #1374 #1414
• Updated thirdparty libraries:
• Catch 1.12.0 -> 1.12.2
• Google Benchmark 1.3.0 -> 1.4.1
• Doxygen 1.8.15 -> 1.8.16

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.5.0¶

Files

Release date: 2018-12-22 SHA-256: 8a6dbf3bf01156f438d0ca7e78c2971bca50eec4ca6f0cf59adf3464c43bb9d5 (json.hpp), 3564da9c5b0cf2e032f97c69baedf10ddbc98030c337d0327a215ea72259ea21 (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release introduces the support for structured bindings and reading from FILE*. Besides, a few bugs have been fixed. All changes are backward-compatible.

New Features¶

• Structured bindings are now supported for JSON objects and arrays via the items() member function, so finally this code is possible:

for (auto& [key, val] : j.items()) {
std::cout << key << ':' << val << '\n';
}

#1388 #1391

• Added support for reading from FILE* to support situations in which streams are nit available or would require too much RAM. #1370 #1392

Bug Fixes¶

• The eofbit was not set for input streams when the end of a stream was reached while parsing. #1340 #1343
• Fixed a bug in the SAX parser for BSON arrays.

Improvements¶

• Added support for Clang 5.0.1 (PS4 version). #1341 #1342

Further Changes¶

• Added a warning for implicit conversions to the documentation: It is not recommended to use implicit conversions when reading from a JSON value. Details about this recommendation can be found here. #1363
• Fixed typos in the documentation. #1329 #1380 #1382
• Fixed a C4800 warning. #1364
• Fixed a -Wshadow warning #1346
• Wrapped std::snprintf calls to avoid error in MSVC. #1337
• Added code to allow installation via Meson. #1345

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.4.0¶

Files

Release date: 2018-10-30 SHA-256: 63da6d1f22b2a7bb9e4ff7d6b255cf691a161ff49532dcc45d398a53e295835f (json.hpp), bfec46fc0cee01c509cf064d2254517e7fa80d1e7647fea37cf81d97c5682bdc (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release introduces three new features:

• BSON (Binary JSON) is next to CBOR, MessagePack, and UBJSON the fourth binary (de)serialization format supported by the library.
• Adjustable error handlers for invalid Unicode allows to specify the behavior when invalid byte sequences are serialized.
• Simplified enum/JSON mapping with a macro in case the default mapping to integers is not desired.

Furthermore, some effort has been invested in improving the parse error messages. Besides, a few bugs have been fixed. All changes are backward-compatible.

New Features¶

• The library can read and write a subset of BSON (Binary JSON). All data types known from JSON are supported, whereas other types more tied to MongoDB such as timestamps, object ids, or binary data are currently not implemented. See the README for examples. #1244 #1320
• The behavior when the library encounters an invalid Unicode sequence during serialization can now be controlled by defining one of three Unicode error handlers: (1) throw an exception (default behavior), (2) replace invalid sequences by the Unicode replacement character (U+FFFD), or (3) ignore/filter invalid sequences. See the documentation of the dump function for examples. #1198 #1314
• To easily specify a user-defined enum/JSON mapping, a macro NLOHMANN_JSON_SERIALIZE_ENUM has been introduced. See the README section for more information. #1208 #1323

Bug Fixes¶

• fixed truncation #1286 #1315
• fixed an issue with std::pair #1299 #1301
• fixed an issue with std::variant #1292 #1294
• fixed a bug in the JSON Pointer parser

Improvements¶

• The diagnosis messages for parse errors have been improved: error messages now indicated line/column positions where possible (in addition to a byte count) and also the context in which the error occurred (e.g., "while parsing a JSON string"). Example: error parse error at 2: syntax error - invalid string: control character must be escaped; last read: '<U+0009>' is now reported as parse error at line 1, column 2: syntax error while parsing value - invalid string: control character U+0009 (HT) must be escaped to \u0009 or \t; last read: '<U+0009>'. #1280 #1288 #1303

Further Changes¶

• improved Meson documentation #1305
• fixed some more linter warnings #1280
• fixed Clang detection for third-party Google Benchmark library #1277

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.3.0¶

Files

Release date: 2018-10-05 SHA-256: f1327bb60c58757a3dd2b0c9c45d49503d571337681d950ec621f8374bcc14d4 (json.hpp), 9588d63557333aaa485e92221ec38014a85a6134e7486fe3441e0541a5a89576 (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release adds support for GCC 4.8. Furthermore, it adds a function get_to to write a JSON value to a passed reference. Another topic of this release was the CMake support which has been overworked and documented.

Besides, a lot of bugs have been fixed and slight improvements have been made. All changes are backward-compatible.

New Features¶

• The library can now also built with GCC 4.8. Though this compiler does not fully support C++11, it can successfully compile and run the test suite. Note that bug 57824 in GCC 4.8 still forbids to use multiline raw strings in arguments to macros. #1257
• Added new function get_to to write a JSON value to a passed reference. The destination type is automatically derived which allows more succinct code compared to the get function. #1227 #1231

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed a bug in the CMake file that made target_link_libraries to not properly include nlohmann_json. #1243 #1245 #1260
• Fixed a warning in MSVC 2017 complaining about a constexpr if. #1204 #1268 #1272
• Fixed a bug that prevented compilation with ICPC. #755 #1222
• Improved the SFINAE correctness to fix a bug in the conversion operator. #1237 #1238
• Fixed a -Wctor-dtor-privacy warning. #1224
• Fixed a warning on a lambda in unevaluated context. #1225 #1230
• Fixed a bug introduced in version 3.2.0 where defining JSON_CATCH_USER led to duplicate macro definition of JSON_INTERNAL_CATCH. #1213 #1214
• Fixed a bug that prevented compilation with Clang 3.4.2 in RHEL 7. #1179 #1249

Improvements¶

• Added documentation on CMake integration of the library. #1270
• Changed the CMake file to use find_package(nlohmann_json) without installing the library. #1202
• Improved error messages in case operator[] is used with the wrong combination (json.exception.type_error.305) of JSON container type and argument type. Example: "cannot use operator[] with a string argument". #1220 #1221
• Added a license and version information to the Meson build file. #1252
• Removed static assertions to indicated missing to_json or from_json functions as such assertions do not play well with SFINAE. These assertions also led to problems with GMock. #960 #1212 #1228
• The test suite now does not wait forever if run in a wrong directory and input files are not found. #1262
• The test suite does not show deprecation warnings for deprecated functions which frequently led to confusion. #1271

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.2.0¶

Files

Release date: 2018-08-20 SHA-256: ce6b5610a051ec6795fa11c33854abebb086f0fd67c311f5921c3c07f9531b44 (json.hpp), 35ee642558b90e2f9bc758995c4788c4b4d4dec54eef95fb8f38cb4d49c8fc7c (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release introduces a SAX interface to the library. While this may be a very special feature used by only few people, it allowed to unify all functions that consumed input and created some kind of JSON value. Internally, now all existing functions like parse, accept, from_cbor, from_msgpack, and from_ubjson use the SAX interface with different event processors. This allowed to separate the input processing from the value generation. Furthermore, throwing an exception in case of a parse error is now optional and up to the event processor. Finally, the JSON parser is now non-recursive (meaning it does not use the call stack, but std::vector<bool> to track the hierarchy of structured values) which allows to process nested input more efficiently.

Furthermore, the library finally is able to parse from wide string types. This is the first step toward opening the library from UTF-8 to UTF-16 and UTF-32.

This release further fixes several bugs in the library. All changes are backward-compatible.

New Features¶

• added a parser with a SAX interface (#971, #1153)
• support to parse from wide string types std::wstring, std::u16string, and std::u32string; the input will be converted to UTF-8 (#1031)
• added support for std::string_view when using C++17 (#1028)
• allow to roundtrip std::map and std::unordered_map from JSON if key type is not convertible to string; in these cases, values are serialized to arrays of pairs (#1079, #1089, #1133, #1138)

Bug Fixes¶

• allow to create nullptr_t from JSON allowing to properly roundtrip null values (#1169)
• allow compare user-defined string types (#1130)
• better support for algorithms using iterators from items() (#1045, #1134)
• added parameter to avoid compilation error with MSVC 2015 debug builds (#1114)
• re-added accidentially skipped unit tests (#1176)
• fixed MSVC issue with std::swap (#1168)

Improvements¶

• key() function for iterators returns a const reference rather than a string copy (#1098)
• binary formats CBOR, MessagePack, and UBJSON now supports float as type for floating-point numbers (#1021)

Further Changes¶

• changed issue templates
• improved continuous integration: added builders for Xcode 9.3 and 9.4, added builders for GCC 8 and Clang 6, added builder for MinGW, added builders for MSVC targeting x86
• required CMake version is now at least 3.8 (#1040)
• overworked CMake file wrt. packaging (#1048)
• added package managers: Spack (#1041) and CocoaPods (#1148)
• fixed Meson include directory (#1142)
• preprocessor macro JSON_SKIP_UNSUPPORTED_COMPILER_CHECK can skip the rejection of unsupported compilers - use at your own risk! (#1128)
• preprocessor macro JSON_INTERNAL_CATCH/JSON_INTERNAL_CATCH_USER allows to control the behavior of exception handling inside the library (#1187)
• added note on char to JSON conversion
• added note how to send security-related issue via encrypted email
• removed dependency to std::stringstream (#1117)
• added updated JSON Parsing Test Suite, described in Parsing JSON is a Minefield 💣
• updated to Catch 1.12.0

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.1.2¶

Files

Release date: 2018-03-14 SHA-256: fbdfec4b4cf63b3b565d09f87e6c3c183bdd45c5be1864d3fcb338f6f02c1733 (json.hpp), 495362ee1b9d03d9526ba9ccf1b4a9c37691abe3a642ddbced13e5778c16660c (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release fixes several bugs in the library. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed a memory leak occurring in the parser callback (#1001).
• Different specializations of basic_json (e.g., using different template arguments for strings or objects) can now be used in assignments (#972, #977, #986).
• Fixed a logical error in an iterator range check (#992).

Improvements¶

• The parser and the serialization now support user-defined string types (#1006, #1009).

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.1.1¶

Files

Release date: 2018-02-13 SHA-256: e14ce5e33d6a2daf748026bd4947f3d9686ca4cfd53d10c3da46a0a9aceb7f2e (json.hpp), fde771d4b9e4f222965c00758a2bdd627d04fb7b59e09b7f3d1965abdc848505 (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release fixes several bugs in the library. All changes are backward-compatible.

Bug Fixes¶

• Fixed parsing of CBOR strings with indefinite length (#961). Earlier versions of this library misinterpreted the CBOR standard and rejected input with the 0x7F start byte.
• Fixed user-defined conversion to vector type (#924, #969). A wrong SFINAE check rejected code though a user-defined conversion was provided.
• Fixed documentation of the parser behavior for objects with duplicate keys (#963). The exact behavior is not specified by RFC 8259 and the library now also provides no guarantee which object key is stored.
• Added check to detect memory overflow when parsing UBJSON containers (#962). The optimized UBJSON format allowed for specifying an array with billions of null elements with a few bytes and the library did not check whether this size exceeded max_size().

Further Changes¶

• Code coverage is now calculated for the individual header files, allowing to find uncovered lines more quickly than by browsing through the single header version (#953, #957).
• A Makefile target run_benchmarks was added to quickly build and run the benchmark suite.
• The documentation was harmonized with respect to the header inclusion (#955). Now all examples and the README use #include <nlohmann/json.hpp> to allow for selecting single_include or include or whatever installation folder as include directory.
• Added note on how to use the library with the cget package manager (#954).

Deprecated functions¶

This release does not deprecate any functions. As an overview, the following functions have been deprecated in earlier versions and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.1.0¶

Files

Release date: 2018-02-01 SHA-256: d40f614d10a6e4e4e80dca9463da905285f20e93116c36d97d4dc1aa63d10ba4 (json.hpp), 2b7234fca394d1e27b7e017117ed80b7518fafbb4f4c13a7c069624f6f924673 (include.zip)

Summary¶

This release adds support for the UBJSON format and JSON Merge Patch. It also contains some minor changes and bug fixes. All changes are backward-compatible.

New features¶

• The library now supports UBJSON (Universal Binary JSON Specification) as binary format to read and write JSON values space-efficiently. See the documentation overview for a comparison of the different formats CBOR, MessagePack, and UBJSON.
• JSON Merge Patch (RFC 7386) offers an intuitive means to describe patches between JSON values (#876, #877). See the documentation of merge_patch for more information.

Improvements¶

• The library now uses the Grisu2 algorithm for printing floating-point numbers (based on the reference implementation by Florian Loitsch) which produces a short representation which is guaranteed to round-trip (#360, #935, #936).
• The UTF-8 handling was further simplified by using the decoder of Björn Hoehrmann in more scenarios.

Reorganization¶

• Though the library is released as a single header, its development got more and more complicated. With this release, the header is split into several files and the single-header file json.hpp can be generated from these development sources. In the repository, folder include contains the development sources and single_include contains the single json.hpp header (#700, #906, #907, #910, #911, #915, #920, #924, #925, #928, #944).
• The split further allowed for a forward declaration header include/nlohmann/json_fwd.hpp to speed up compilation times (#314).

Further changes¶

• Google Benchmark is now used for micro benchmarks (see benchmarks folder, #921).
• The serialization (JSON and binary formats) now properly work with the libraries string template parameter, allowing for optimized string implementations to be used in constraint environments such as embedded software (#941, #950).
• The exceptional behavior can now be overridden by defining macros JSON_THROW_USER, JSON_TRY_USER, and JSON_CATCH_USER, defining the behavior of throw, try and catch, respectively. This allows to switch off C++'s exception mechanism yet still execute user-defined code in case an error condition occurs (#938).
• To facilitate the interplay with flex and Bison, the library does not use the variable name yytext any more as it could clash with macro definitions (#933).
• The library now defines NLOHMANN_JSON_VERSION_MAJOR, NLOHMANN_JSON_VERSION_MINOR, and NLOHMANN_JSON_VERSION_PATCH to allow for conditional compilation based on the included library version (#943, #948).
• A compilation error with ICC has been fixed (#947).
• Typos and links in the documentation have been fixed (#900, #930).
• A compiler error related to incomplete types has been fixed (#919).
• The tests form the UTF-8 decoder stress test have been added to the test suite.

Deprecated functions¶

• Function iterator_wrapper has been deprecated (#874). Since its introduction, the name was up for discussion, as it was too technical. We now introduced the member function items() with the same semantics. iterator_wrapper will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0).

Furthermore, the following functions are deprecated since version 3.0.0 and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.0.1¶

Files

Release date: 2017-12-29 SHA-256: c9b3591f1bb94e723a0cd7be861733a3a555b234ef132be1e9027a0364118c4c

Summary¶

This release fixes small issues in the implementation of JSON Pointer and JSON Patch. All changes are backward-compatible.

Changes¶

• The "copy" operation of JSON Patch (RFC 6902) requests that it is an error if the target path points into a non-existing array or object (see #894 for a detailed description). This release fixes the implementation to detect such invalid target paths and throw an exception.
• An array index in a JSON Pointer (RFC 6901) must be an integer. This release fixes the implementation to throw an exception in case invalid array indices such as 10e2 are used.
• Added the JSON Patch tests from Byron Ruth and Mike McCabe.
• Fixed the documentation of the at(ptr) function with JSON Pointers to list all possible exceptions (see #888).
• Updated the container overview documentation (see #883).
• The CMake files now respect the BUILD_TESTING option (see #846, #885)
• Fixed some compiler warnings (see #858, #882).

Deprecated functions¶

To unify the interfaces and to improve similarity with the STL, the following functions are deprecated since version 3.0.0 and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

v3.0.0¶

Files

Release date: 2017-12-17 SHA-256: 076d4a0cb890a3c3d389c68421a11c3d77c64bd788e85d50f1b77ed252f2a462

Summary¶

After almost a year, here is finally a new release of JSON for Modern C++, and it is a major one! As we adhere to semantic versioning, this means the release includes some breaking changes, so please read the next section carefully before you update. But don't worry, we also added a few new features and put a lot of effort into fixing a lot of bugs and straighten out a few inconsistencies.

Breaking changes¶

This section describes changes that change the public API of the library and may require changes in code using a previous version of the library. In section "Moving from 2.x.x to 3.0.0" at the end of the release notes, we describe in detail how existing code needs to be changed.

• The library now uses user-defined exceptions instead of re-using those defined in <stdexcept> (#244). This not only allows to add more information to the exceptions (every exception now has an identifier, and parse errors contain the position of the error), but also to easily catch all library exceptions with a single catch(json::exception).
• When strings with a different encoding as UTF-8 were stored in JSON values, their serialization could not be parsed by the library itself, as only UTF-8 is supported. To enforce this library limitation and improve consistency, non-UTF-8 encoded strings now yield a json::type_error exception during serialization (#838). The check for valid UTF-8 is realized with code from Björn Hoehrmann.
• NaN and infinity values can now be stored inside the JSON value without throwing an exception. They are, however, still serialized as null (#388).
• The library's iterator tag was changed from RandomAccessIterator to BidirectionalIterator (#593). Supporting RandomAccessIterator was incorrect as it assumed an ordering of values in a JSON objects which are unordered by definition.
• The library does not include the standard headers <iostream>, <ctype>, and <stdexcept> any more. You may need to add these headers to code relying on them.
• Removed constructor explicit basic_json(std::istream& i, const parser_callback_t cb = nullptr) which was deprecated in version 2.0.0 (#480).

Deprecated functions¶

To unify the interfaces and to improve similarity with the STL, the following functions are now deprecated and will be removed in the next major version (i.e., 4.0.0):

New features¶

With all this breaking and deprecation out of the way, let's talk about features!

• We improved the diagnostic information for syntax errors (#301). Now, an exception json::parse_error is thrown which contains a detailed message on the error, but also a member byte to indicate the byte offset in the input where the error occurred.
• We added a non-throwing syntax check (#458): The new accept function returns a Boolean indicating whether the input is proper JSON. We also added a Boolean parameter allow_exceptions to the existing parse functions to return a discarded value in case a syntax error occurs instead of throwing an exception.
• An update function was added to merge two JSON objects (#428). In case you are wondering: the name was inspired by Python.
• The insert function now also supports an iterator range to add elements to an object.
• The binary exchange formats CBOR and MessagePack can now be parsed from input streams and written to output streams (#477).
• Input streams are now only read until the end of a JSON value instead of the end of the input (#367).
• The serialization function dump now has two optional parameters ensure_ascii to escape all non-ASCII characters with \uxxxx and an indent_char parameter to choose whether to indent with spaces or tabs (#654).
• Added built-in type support for C arrays (#502), std::pair and std::tuple (#563, #614), enum and enum class (#545), std::vector<bool> (#494). Fixed support for std::valarray (#702), std::array (#553), and std::map<std::string, std::string> (#600, #607).

Further changes¶

Furthermore, there have been a lot of changes under the hood:

• Replaced the re2c generated scanner by a self-coded version which allows for a better modularization of the parser and better diagnostics. To test the new scanner, we added millions (8,860,608 to be exact) of unit tests to check all valid and invalid byte sequences of the Unicode standard.
• Google's OSS-Fuzz is still constantly fuzz-testing the library and found several issues that were fixed in this release (#497, #504, #514, #516, #518, #519, #575).
• We now also ignore UTF-8 byte order marks when parsing from an iterator range (#602).
• Values can be now moved from initializer lists (#663).
• Updated to Catch 1.9.7. Unfortunately, Catch2 currently has some performance issues.
• The non-exceptional paths of the library are now annotated with __builtin_expect to optimize branch prediction as long as no error occurs.
• MSVC now produces a stack trace in MSVC if a from_json or to_json function was not found for a user-defined type. We also added a debug visualizer nlohmann_json.natvis for better debugging in MSVC (#844).
• Overworked the documentation and added even more examples.
• The build workflow now relies on CMake and CTest. Special flags can be chosen with CMake, including coverage (JSON_Coverage), compilation without exceptions (JSON_NoExceptions), LLVM sanitizers (JSON_Sanitizer), or execution with Valgrind (JSON_Valgrind).
• Added support for package managers Meson (#576), Conan (#566), Hunter (#671, #829), and vcpkg (#753).
• Added CI builders: Xcode 8.3, 9.0, 9.1, and 9.2; GCC 7.2; Clang 3.8, 3.9, 4.0, and 5.0; Visual Studio 2017. The library is further built with C++17 settings on the latest Clang, GCC, and MSVC version to quickly detect new issues.

Moving from 2.x.x to 3.0.0¶

User-defined Exceptions¶

There are five different exceptions inheriting from json::exception:

To support these exception, the try/catch blocks of your code need to be adjusted:

new exception previous exception
parse_error.101 invalid_argument
parse_error.102 invalid_argument
parse_error.103 invalid_argument
parse_error.104 invalid_argument
parse_error.105 invalid_argument
parse_error.106 domain_error
parse_error.107 domain_error
parse_error.108 domain_error
parse_error.109 invalid_argument
parse_error.110 out_of_range
parse_error.111 invalid_argument
parse_error.112 invalid_argument
invalid_iterator.201 domain_error
invalid_iterator.202 domain_error
invalid_iterator.203 domain_error
invalid_iterator.204 out_of_range
invalid_iterator.205 out_of_range
invalid_iterator.206 domain_error
invalid_iterator.207 domain_error
invalid_iterator.208 domain_error
invalid_iterator.209 domain_error
invalid_iterator.210 domain_error
invalid_iterator.211 domain_error
invalid_iterator.212 domain_error
invalid_iterator.213 domain_error
invalid_iterator.214 out_of_range
type_error.301 domain_error
type_error.302 domain_error
type_error.303 domain_error
type_error.304 domain_error
type_error.305 domain_error
type_error.306 domain_error
type_error.307 domain_error
type_error.308 domain_error
type_error.309 domain_error
type_error.310 domain_error
type_error.311 domain_error
type_error.313 domain_error
type_error.314 domain_error
type_error.315 domain_error
out_of_range.401 out_of_range
out_of_range.402 out_of_range
out_of_range.403 out_of_range
out_of_range.404 out_of_range
out_of_range.405 domain_error
other_error.501 domain_error

Handling of NaN and INF¶

• If an overflow occurs during parsing a number from a JSON text, an exception json::out_of_range is thrown so that the overflow is detected early and roundtripping is guaranteed.

• NaN and INF floating-point values can be stored in a JSON value and are not replaced by null. That is, the basic_json class behaves like double in this regard (no exception occurs). However, NaN and INF are serialized to null.

Removal of deprecated functions¶

Function explicit basic_json(std::istream& i, const parser_callback_t cb = nullptr) should be replaced by the parse function: Let ss be a stream and cb be a parse callback function.

Old code:

json j(ss, cb);


New code:

json j = json::parse(ss, cb);


If no callback function is used, also the following code works:

json j;
j << ss;


or

json j;
ss >> j;


v2.1.1¶

Files

Release date: 2017-02-25 SHA-256: faa2321beb1aa7416d035e7417fcfa59692ac3d8c202728f9bcc302e2d558f57

Summary¶

This release fixes a locale-related bug in the parser. To do so, the whole number handling (lexer, parser, and also the serialization) have been overworked. Furthermore, a lot of small changes added up that were added to this release. All changes are backward-compatible.

Changes¶

• Locales that have a different character than . as decimal separator (e.g., the Norwegian locale nb_NO.UTF-8) led to truncated number parsing or parse errors. The library now has been fixed to work with any locale. Note that . is still the only valid decimal separator for JSON input.
• Numbers like 1.0 were correctly parsed as floating-point number, but serialized as integer (1). Now, floating-point numbers correctly round trip.
• Parsing incorrect JSON numbers with leading 0 (0123) could yield a buffer overflow. This is fixed now by detecting such errors directly by the lexer.
• Constructing a JSON value from a pointer was incorrectly interpreted as a Boolean; such code will now yield a compiler error.
• Comparing a JSON number with 0 led to a comparison with null. This is fixed now.
• All throw calls are now wrapped in macros.
• Starting during the preparation of this release (since 8 February 2017), commits and released files are cryptographically signed with this GPG key. Previous releases have also been signed.
• The parser for MessagePack and CBOR now supports an optional start index parameter to define a byte offset for the parser.
• Some more warnings have been fixed. With Clang, the code compiles without warnings with -Weverything (well, it needs -Wno-documentation-unknown-command and -Wno-deprecated-declarations, but you get the point).
• The code can be compiled easier with many Android NDKs by avoiding macros like UINT8_MAX which previously required defining a preprocessor macro for compilation.
• The unit tests now compile two times faster.
• Cotire is used to speed up the build.
• Fixed a lot of typos in the documentation.
• Added a section to the README file that lists all used third-party code/tools.
• Added a note on constructing a string value vs. parsing.
• The test suite now contains 11202597 unit tests.
• Improved the Doxygen documentation by shortening the template parameters of class basic_json.
• Removed Doozer.
• Upgraded Catch to version 1.7.2.

v2.1.0¶

Files

• Release date: 2017-01-28
• SHA-256: a571dee92515b685784fd527e38405cf3f5e13e96edbfe3f03d6df2e363a767b

Summary¶

This release introduces a means to convert from/to user-defined types. The release is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• The library now offers an elegant way to convert from and to arbitrary value types. All you need to do is to implement two functions: to_json and from_json. Then, a conversion is as simple as putting a = between variables. See the README for more information and examples.
• Exceptions can now be switched off. This can be done by defining the preprocessor symbol JSON_NOEXCEPTION or by passing -fno-exceptions to your compiler. In case the code would usually thrown an exception, abort() is now called.
• Information on the library can be queried with the new (static) function meta() which returns a JSON object with information on the version, compiler, and platform. See the documentation for an example.
• A bug in the CBOR parser was fixed which led to a buffer overflow.
• The function type_name() is now public. It allows to query the type of a JSON value as string.
• Added the Big List of Naughty Strings as test case.
• Updated to Catch v1.6.0.
• Some typos in the documentation have been fixed.

v2.0.10¶

Files

• Release date: 2017-01-02

Summary¶

This release fixes several security-relevant bugs in the MessagePack and CBOR parsers. The fixes are backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• Fixed a lot of bugs in the CBOR and MesssagePack parsers. These bugs occurred if invalid input was parsed and then could lead in buffer overflows. These bugs were found with Google's OSS-Fuzz, see #405, #407, #408, #409, #411, and #412 for more information.
• We now also use the Doozer continuous integration platform.
• The complete test suite is now also run with Clang's address sanitizer and undefined-behavior sanitizer.
• Overworked fuzz testing; CBOR and MessagePack implementations are now fuzz-tested. Furthermore, all fuzz tests now include a round trip which ensures created output can again be properly parsed and yields the same JSON value.
• Clarified documentation of find() function to always return end() when called on non-object value types.
• Moved thirdparty test code to test/thirdparty directory.

v2.0.9¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-12-16
• SHA-256: fbf3396f13e187d6c214c297bddc742d918ea9b55e10bfb3d9f458b9bfdc22e5

Summary¶

This release implements with CBOR and MessagePack two binary serialization/deserialization formats. It further contains some small fixes and improvements. The fixes are backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• The library can now read and write the binary formats CBOR (Concise Binary Object Representation) and MessagePack. Both formats are aimed to produce a very compact representation of JSON which can be parsed very efficiently. See the README file for more information and examples.
• simplified the iteration implementation allowing to remove dozens of lines of code
• fixed an integer overflow error detected by Google's OSS-Fuzz
• suppressed documentation warnings inside the library to facilitate compilation with -Wdocumentation
• fixed an overflow detection error in the number parser
• updated contribution guidelines to a list of frequentely asked features that will most likely be never added to the library
• mentioned the many examples and the documentation in the README file
• split unit tests into individual independent binaries to speed up compilation and testing
• the test suite now contains 11201886 tests

v2.0.8¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-12-02

Summary¶

This release combines a lot of small fixes and improvements. The fixes are backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• fixed a bug that froze the parser if a passed file was not found (now, std::invalid_argument is thrown)
• fixed a bug that lead to an error of a file at EOF was parsed again (now, std::invalid_argument is thrown)
• the well known functions emplace and emplace_back have been added to JSON values and work as expected
• improved the performance of the serialization (dump function)
• improved the performance of the deserialization (parser)
• some continuous integration images at Travis were added and retired; see here for the current continuous integration setup
• the Coverity scan works again
• the benchmarking code has been improved to produce more stable results
• the README file has been extended and includes more frequently asked examples
• the test suite now contains 8905518 tests
• updated Catch to version 1.5.8

v2.0.7¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-11-02
• SHA-256: 5545c323670f8165bae90b9dc6078825e86ec310d96cc4e5b47233ea43715bbf

Summary¶

This release fixes a few bugs in the JSON parser found in the Parsing JSON is a Minefield 💣 article. The fixes are backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• The article Parsing JSON is a Minefield 💣 discusses a lot of pitfalls of the JSON specification. When investigating the published test cases, a few bugs in the library were found and fixed:
• Files with less than 5 bytes can now be parsed without error.
• The library now properly rejects any file encoding other than UTF-8. Furthermore, incorrect surrogate pairs are properly detected and rejected.
• The library now accepts all but one "yes" test (y_string_utf16.json): UTF-16 is not supported.
• The library rejects all but one "no" test (n_number_then_00.json): Null bytes are treated as end of file instead of an error. This allows to parse input from null-terminated strings.
• The string length passed to a user-defined string literal is now exploited to choose a more efficient constructor.
• A few grammar mistakes in the README file have been fixed.

v2.0.6¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-10-15
• SHA256: 459cc93d5e2f503e50c6d5876eb86bfea7daf405f5a567c5a2c9abc2383756ae

Summary¶

This release fixes the semantics of operator[] for JSON Pointers (see below). This fix is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• operator[] for JSON Pointers now behaves like the other versions of operator[] and transforms null values into objects or arrays if required. This allows to created nested structues like j["/foo/bar/2"] = 17 (yielding {"foo": "bar": [null, null, 17]}) without problems.
• overworked a helper SFINAE function
• fixed some documentation issues
• fixed the CMake files to allow to run the test suite outside the main project directory
• restored test coverage to 100%.

v2.0.5¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-09-14
• SHA-256: 8b7565263a44e2b7d3b89808bc73d2d639037ff0c1f379e3d56dbd77e00b98d9

Summary¶

This release fixes a regression bug in the stream parser (function parse() and the <</>> operators). This fix is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• Bug fix: The end of a file stream was not detected properly which led to parse errors. This bug should have been fixed with 2.0.4, but there was still a flaw in the code.

v2.0.4¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-09-11
• SHA-256: 632ceec4c25c4e2153f71470d3a2b992c8355f6d8b4d627d05dd16095cd3aeda

Summary¶

This release fixes a bug in the stream parser (function parse() and the <</>> operators). This fix is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• Bug fix: The end of a file stream was not detected properly which led to parse errors.
• Fixed a compiler warning about an unused variable.

v2.0.3¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-08-31

Summary¶

This release combines a lot of small fixes and improvements. The release is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• The parser/deserialization functions have been generalized to process any contiguous sequence of 1-byte elements (e.g., char, unsigned char, uint8_t). This includes all kind of string representations (string literals, char arrays, std::string, const char*), contiguous containers (C-style arrays, std::vector, std::array, std::valarray, std::initializer_list). User-defined containers providing random-access iterator access via std::begin and std::end can be used as well. See the documentation (1, 2, 3, 4) for more information. Note that contiguous storage cannot be checked at compile time; if any of the parse functions are called with a noncompliant container, the behavior is undefined and will most likely yield segmentation violation. The preconditions are enforced by an assertion unless the library is compiled with preprocessor symbol NDEBUG.
• As a general remark on assertions: The library uses assertions to preclude undefined behavior. A prominent example for this is the operator[] for const JSON objects. The behavior of this const version of the operator is undefined if the given key does not exist in the JSON object, because unlike the non-const version, it cannot add a null value at the given key. Assertions can be switched of by defining the preprocessor symbol NDEBUG. See the documentation of assert for more information.
• In the course of cleaning up the parser/deserialization functions, the constructor basic_json(std::istream&, const parser_callback_t) has been deprecated and will be deleted with the next major release 3.0.0 to unify the interface of the library. Deserialization will be done by stream operators or by calling one of the parse functions. That is, calls like json j(i); for an input stream i need to be replaced by json j = json::parse(i);. Compilers will produce a deprecation warning if client code uses this function.
• Minor improvements:
• Improved the performance of the serialization by avoiding the re-creation of a locale object.
• Fixed two MSVC warnings. Compiling the test suite with /Wall now only warns about non-inlined functions (C4710) and the deprecation of the constructor from input-stream (C4996).
• Some project internals:
• The project has qualified for the Core Infrastructure Initiative Best Practices Badge. While most requirements where already satisfied, some led to a more explicit documentation of quality-ensuring procedures. For instance, static analysis is now executed with every commit on the build server. Furthermore, the contribution guidelines document how to communicate security issues privately.
• The test suite has been overworked and split into several files to allow for faster compilation and analysis. The execute the test suite, simply execute make check.
• The continuous integration with Travis was extended with Clang versions 3.6.0 to 3.8.1 and now includes 18 different compiler/OS combinations.
• An 11-day run of American fuzzy lop checked 962 million inputs on the parser and found no issue.

v2.0.2¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-07-31

Summary¶

This release combines a lot of small fixes and improvements. The release is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• The parser has been overworked, and a lot of small issues have been fixed:
• Improved parser performance by avoiding recursion and using move semantics for the return value.
• Unescaped control charaters \x10-\x1f are not accepted any more.
• Fixed a bug in the parser when reading from an input stream.
• Improved test case coverage for UTF-8 parsing: now, all valid Unicode code points are tested both escaped and unescaped.
• The precision of output streams is now preserved by the parser.
• Started to check the code correctness by proving termination of important loops. Furthermore, individual assertions have been replaced by a more systematic function which checks the class invariants. Note that assertions should be switched off in production by defining the preprocessor macro NDEBUG, see the documentation of assert.
• A lot of code cleanup: removed unused headers, fixed some compiler warnings, and fixed a build error for Windows-based Clang builds.
• Added some compile-time checks:
• Unsupported compilers are rejected during compilation with an #error command.
• Static assertion prohibits code with incompatible pointer types used in get_ptr().
• Improved the documentation, and adjusted the documentation script to choose the correct version of sed.
• Replaced a lot of "raw loops" by STL functions like std::all_of, std::for_each, or std::accumulate. This facilitates reasoning about termination of loops and sometimes allowed to simplify functions to a single return statement.
• Implemented a value() function for JSON pointers (similar to at function).
• The Homebrew formula (see Integration) is now tested for all Xcode builds (6.1 - 8.x) with Travis.
• Avoided output to std::cout in the test cases.

v2.0.1¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-06-28
• SHA-256: ef550fcd7df572555bf068e9ec4e9d3b9e4cdd441cecb0dcea9ea7fd313f72dd

Summary¶

This release fixes a performance regression in the JSON serialization (function dump()). This fix is backwards compatible.

Changes¶

• The locale of the output stream (or the internal string stream if a JSON value is serialized to a string) is now adjusted once for the whole serialization instead of for each floating-point number.
• The locale of an output stream is now correctly reset to the previous value by the JSON library.

v2.0.0¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-06-24
• SHA-256: ac9e1fb25c2ac9ca5fc501fcd2fe3281fe04f07018a1b48820e7b1b11491bb6c

Summary¶

This release adds several features such as JSON Pointers, JSON Patch, or support for 64 bit unsigned integers. Furthermore, several (subtle) bugs have been fixed.

As noexcept and constexpr specifier have been added to several functions, the public API has effectively been changed in a (potential) non-backwards compatible manner. As we adhere to Semantic Versioning, this calls for a new major version, so say hello to 2️⃣.0️⃣.0️⃣.

Changes¶

• 🔟 A JSON value now uses uint64_t (default value for template parameter NumberUnsignedType) as data type for unsigned integer values. This type is used automatically when an unsigned number is parsed. Furthermore, constructors, conversion operators and an is_number_unsigned() test have been added.
• 👉 JSON Pointer (RFC 6901) support: A JSON Pointer is a string (similar to an XPath expression) to address a value inside a structured JSON value. JSON Pointers can be used in at() and operator[] functions. Furthermore, JSON values can be “flattened” to key/value pairs using flatten() where each key is a JSON Pointer. The original value can be restored by “unflattening” the flattened value using unflatten().
• 🏥 JSON Patch (RFC 6902) support. A JSON Patch is a JSON value that describes the required edit operations (add, change, remove, …) to transform a JSON value into another one. A JSON Patch can be created with function diff(const basic_json&) and applied with patch(const basic_json&). Note the created patches use a rather primitive algorithm so far and leave room for improvement.
• 🇪🇺 The code is now locale-independent: Floating-point numbers are always serialized with a period (.) as decimal separator and ignores different settings from the locale.
• 🍺 Homebrew support: Install the library with brew tap nlohmann/json && brew install nlohmann_json.
• Added constructor to create a JSON value by parsing a std::istream (e.g., std::stringstream or std::ifstream).
• Added noexcept specifier to basic_json(boolean_t), basic_json(const number_integer_t), basic_json(const int), basic_json(const number_float_t), iterator functions (begin(), end(), etc.)
• When parsing numbers, the sign of 0.0 (vs. -0.0) is preserved.
• Improved MSVC 2015, Android, and MinGW support. See README for more information.
• Improved test coverage (added 2,225,386 tests).
• Removed some misuses of std::move.
• Fixed several compiler warnings.
• Improved error messages from JSON parser.
• Updated to re2c to version 0.16 to use a minimal DFAs for the lexer.
• Updated test suite to use Catch version 1.5.6.
• Made type getters (is_number, etc.) and const value access constexpr.
• Functions push_back and operator+= now work with key/value pairs passed as initializer list, e.g. j_object += {"key", 1}.
• Overworked CMakeLists.txt to make it easier to integrate the library into other projects.

Notes¶

• Parser error messages are still very vague and contain no information on the error location.
• The implemented diff function is rather primitive and does not create minimal diffs.
• The name of function iteration_wrapper may change in the future and the function will be deprecated in the next release.
• Roundtripping (i.e., parsing a JSON value from a string, serializing it, and comparing the strings) of floating-point numbers is not 100% accurate. Note that RFC 8259 defines no format to internally represent numbers and states not requirement for roundtripping. Nevertheless, benchmarks like Native JSON Benchmark treat roundtripping deviations as conformance errors.

v1.1.0¶

Files

• Release date: 2016-01-24
• SHA-256: c0cf0e3017798ca6bb18e757ebc570d21a3bdac877845e2b9e9573d183ed2f05

Summary¶

This release fixes several small bugs and adds functionality in a backwards-compatible manner. Compared to the last version (1.0.0), the following changes have been made:

Changes¶

• Fixed: Floating-point numbers are now serialized and deserialized properly such that rountripping works in more cases. [#185, #186, #190, #191, #194]
• Added: The code now contains assertions to detect undefined behavior during development. As the standard function assert is used, the assertions can be switched off by defining the preprocessor symbol NDEBUG during compilation. [#168]
• Added: It is now possible to get a reference to the stored values via the newly added function get_ref(). [#128, #184]
• Fixed: Access to object values via keys (operator[]) now works with all kind of string representations. [#171, #189]
• Fixed: The code now compiles again with Microsoft Visual Studio 2015. [#144, #167, #188]
• Fixed: All required headers are now included.
• Fixed: Typos and other small issues. [#162, #166, #175, #177, #179, #180]

Notes¶

There are still known open issues (#178, #187) which will be fixed in version 2.0.0. However, these fixes will require a small API change and will not be entirely backwards-compatible.

v1.0.0¶

Files

• Release date: 2015-12-28
• SHA-256: 767dc2fab1819d7b9e19b6e456d61e38d21ef7182606ecf01516e3f5230446de

Summary¶

This is the first official release. Compared to the prerelease version 1.0.0-rc1, only a few minor improvements have been made:

Changes¶

• Changed: A UTF-8 byte order mark is silently ignored.
• Changed: sprintf is no longer used.
• Changed: iterator_wrapper also works for const objects; note: the name may change!
• Changed: Error messages during deserialization have been improved.
• Added: The parse function now also works with type std::istream&&.
• Added: Function value(key, default_value) returns either a copy of an object's element at the specified key or a given default value if no element with the key exists.
• Added: Public functions are tagged with the version they were introduced. This shall allow for better versioning in the future.
• Added: All public functions and types are documented (see http://nlohmann.github.io/json/doxygen/) including executable examples.
• Added: Allocation of all types (in particular arrays, strings, and objects) is now exception-safe.
• Added: They descriptions of thrown exceptions have been overworked and are part of the tests suite and documentation.