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basic_json::get_to

template<typename ValueType>
ValueType& get_to(ValueType& v) const noexcept(
    noexcept(JSONSerializer<ValueType>::from_json(
        std::declval<const basic_json_t&>(), v)))

Explicit type conversion between the JSON value and a compatible value. The value is filled into the input parameter by calling the json_serializer<ValueType> from_json() method.

The function is equivalent to executing

ValueType v;
JSONSerializer<ValueType>::from_json(*this, v);

This overloads is chosen if:

  • ValueType is not basic_json,
  • json_serializer<ValueType> has a from_json() method of the form void from_json(const basic_json&, ValueType&)

Template parameters

ValueType
the value type to return

Return value

the input parameter, allowing chaining calls

Exceptions

Depends on what json_serializer<ValueType> from_json() method throws

Example

Example

The example below shows several conversions from JSON values to other types. There a few things to note: (1) Floating-point numbers can be converted to integers, (2) A JSON array can be converted to a standard std::vector<short>, (3) A JSON object can be converted to C++ associative containers such as #cpp std::unordered_map<std::string, json>.

#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
#include <nlohmann/json.hpp>

using json = nlohmann::json;

int main()
{
    // create a JSON value with different types
    json json_types =
    {
        {"boolean", true},
        {
            "number", {
                {"integer", 42},
                {"floating-point", 17.23}
            }
        },
        {"string", "Hello, world!"},
        {"array", {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}},
        {"null", nullptr}
    };

    bool v1;
    int v2;
    short v3;
    float v4;
    int v5;
    std::string v6;
    std::vector<short> v7;
    std::unordered_map<std::string, json> v8;


    // use explicit conversions
    json_types["boolean"].get_to(v1);
    json_types["number"]["integer"].get_to(v2);
    json_types["number"]["integer"].get_to(v3);
    json_types["number"]["floating-point"].get_to(v4);
    json_types["number"]["floating-point"].get_to(v5);
    json_types["string"].get_to(v6);
    json_types["array"].get_to(v7);
    json_types.get_to(v8);

    // print the conversion results
    std::cout << v1 << '\n';
    std::cout << v2 << ' ' << v3 << '\n';
    std::cout << v4 << ' ' << v5 << '\n';
    std::cout << v6 << '\n';

    for (auto i : v7)
    {
        std::cout << i << ' ';
    }
    std::cout << "\n\n";

    for (auto i : v8)
    {
        std::cout << i.first << ": " << i.second << '\n';
    }
}

Output:

1
42 42
17.23 17
Hello, world!
1 2 3 4 5 

string: "Hello, world!"
number: {"floating-point":17.23,"integer":42}
null: null
boolean: true
array: [1,2,3,4,5]

Version history

  • Since version 3.3.0.