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nlohmann::basic_json::error_handler_t

enum class error_handler_t {
    strict,
    replace,
    ignore
};

This enumeration is used in the dump function to choose how to treat decoding errors while serializing a basic_json value. Three values are differentiated:

strict
throw a type_error exception in case of invalid UTF-8
replace
replace invalid UTF-8 sequences with U+FFFD (� REPLACEMENT CHARACTER)
ignore
ignore invalid UTF-8 sequences; all bytes are copied to the output unchanged

Examples

Example

The example below shows how the different values of the error_handler_t influence the behavior of dump when reading serializing an invalid UTF-8 sequence.

#include <iostream>
#include <nlohmann/json.hpp>

using json = nlohmann::json;

int main()
{
    // create JSON value with invalid UTF-8 byte sequence
    json j_invalid = \xA9ü";
    try
    {
        std::cout << j_invalid.dump() << std::endl;
    }
    catch (json::type_error& e)
    {
        std::cout << e.what() << std::endl;
    }

    std::cout << "string with replaced invalid characters: "
              << j_invalid.dump(-1, ' ', false, json::error_handler_t::replace)
              << "\nstring with ignored invalid characters: "
              << j_invalid.dump(-1, ' ', false, json::error_handler_t::ignore)
              << '\n';
}

Output:

[json.exception.type_error.316] invalid UTF-8 byte at index 2: 0xA9
string with replaced invalid characters: "ä�ü"
string with ignored invalid characters: "äü"

Version history

  • Added in version 3.4.0.

Last update: September 18, 2022