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JSON_ASSERT

#define JSON_ASSERT(x) /* value */

This macro controls which code is executed for runtime assertions of the library.

Parameters

x (in)
expression of scalar type

Default definition

The default value is assert(x).

#define JSON_ASSERT(x) assert(x)

Therefore, assertions can be switched off by defining NDEBUG.

Notes

  • The library uses numerous assertions to guarantee invariants and to abort in case of otherwise undefined behavior (e.g., when calling operator[] with a missing object key on a const object). See page runtime assertions for more information.
  • Defining the macro to code that does not call std::abort may leave the library in an undefined state.
  • The macro is undefined outside the library.

Examples

Example 1: default behavior

The following code will trigger an assertion at runtime:

#include <nlohmann/json.hpp>

using json = nlohmann::json;

int main()
{
    const json j = {{"key", "value"}};
    auto v = j["missing"];
}

Output:

Assertion failed: (m_value.object->find(key) != m_value.object->end()), function operator[], file json.hpp, line 2144.
Example 2: user-defined behavior

The assertion reporting can be changed by defining JSON_ASSERT(x) differently.

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#define JSON_ASSERT(x) if(!(x)){fprintf(stderr, "assertion error in %s\n", __FUNCTION__); std::abort();}

#include <nlohmann/json.hpp>

using json = nlohmann::json;

int main()
{
    const json j = {{"key", "value"}};
    auto v = j["missing"];
}

Output:

assertion error in operator[]

Version history

  • Added in version 3.9.0.

Last update: May 1, 2022
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