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nlohmann::basic_json::operator ValueType

template<typename ValueType>
JSON_EXPLICIT operator ValueType() const;

Implicit type conversion between the JSON value and a compatible value. The call is realized by calling get(). See Notes for the meaning of JSON_EXPLICIT.

Template parameters

the value type to return

Return value

copy of the JSON value, converted to ValueType


Depends on what json_serializer<ValueType> from_json() method throws


Linear in the size of the JSON value.


Definition of JSON_EXPLICIT

By default JSON_EXPLICIT is defined to the empty string, so the signature is:

template<typename ValueType>
operator ValueType() const;

If JSON_USE_IMPLICIT_CONVERSIONS is set to 0, JSON_EXPLICIT is defined to explicit:

template<typename ValueType>
explicit operator ValueType() const;

That is, implicit conversions can be switched off by defining JSON_USE_IMPLICIT_CONVERSIONS to 0.

Future behavior change

Implicit conversions will be switched off by default in the next major release of the library. That is, JSON_EXPLICIT will be set to explicit by default.

You can prepare existing code by already defining JSON_USE_IMPLICIT_CONVERSIONS to 0 and replace any implicit conversions with calls to get.



The example below shows several conversions from JSON values to other types. There are a few things to note: (1) Floating-point numbers can be converted to integers, (2) A JSON array can be converted to a standard std::vector<short>, (3) A JSON object can be converted to C++ associative containers such as std::unordered_map<std::string, json>.

#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
#include <nlohmann/json.hpp>

using json = nlohmann::json;

int main()
    // create a JSON value with different types
    json json_types =
        {"boolean", true},
            "number", {
                {"integer", 42},
                {"floating-point", 17.23}
        {"string", "Hello, world!"},
        {"array", {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}},
        {"null", nullptr}

    // use implicit conversions
    bool v1 = json_types["boolean"];
    int v2 = json_types["number"]["integer"];
    short v3 = json_types["number"]["integer"];
    float v4 = json_types["number"]["floating-point"];
    int v5 = json_types["number"]["floating-point"];
    std::string v6 = json_types["string"];
    std::vector<short> v7 = json_types["array"];
    std::unordered_map<std::string, json> v8 = json_types;

    // print the conversion results
    std::cout << v1 << '\n';
    std::cout << v2 << ' ' << v3 << '\n';
    std::cout << v4 << ' ' << v5 << '\n';
    std::cout << v6 << '\n';

    for (auto i : v7)
        std::cout << i << ' ';
    std::cout << "\n\n";

    for (auto i : v8)
        std::cout << i.first << ": " << i.second << '\n';

    // example for an exception
        bool v1 = json_types["string"];
    catch (json::type_error& e)
        std::cout << e.what() << '\n';


42 42
17.23 17
Hello, world!
1 2 3 4 5 

string: "Hello, world!"
number: {"floating-point":17.23,"integer":42}
null: null
boolean: true
array: [1,2,3,4,5]
[json.exception.type_error.302] type must be boolean, but is string

Version history

Last update: May 17, 2022
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